Development of Physical Infrastructure amidst Comatose Legal Framework in Urban Nigeria
DEVELOPMENT OF PHYSICAL INFRASRUCTURE AMIDST LEGAL FRAMEWORK IN URBAN NIGERIA
Francis P. Udoudoh Ph.D (ANIVS) & Beulah Ofem Ph.D, MNIT
At the 46th Annual Conference of NIESV Held @Abuja
Urban physical infrastructure refers to structures, facilities and services that are developed by the public or private institutions to enhance efficient functioning of urban life and economy.
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
1. To identify the laws regulating infrastructure development in Nigeria
2. Their enforcement and implications on urban infrastructure development
3. The role of private investors in the sector.
CLASSIFICATIONS OF URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE
1. Physical or economic infrastructure
2. Social infrastructure
3. Point and network infrastructure
STATE OF PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE
- Transportation Infrastructure
It involves the mode of travelling as well as the channel along which one travels such as roads, railways, waterways and terminal facilities. Transportation modes in Nigeria showed the dominance of road transport with 73.3%
- Electrical Infrastyructure
Electricity supply involves the generation, transmission and distribution of power to peoplesâ€™ homes
Nigeria has been operating at about one-third or less of its installed capacity due to aging equipment.
Government unbundled PHCN into 18 companies, comprising six (6) generating companies namely Kainji, Shiroro and Jebba Hydro-electric Plc, Egbin, Delta and Afam Power Plc; one (1) transmission company and eleven (11) distribution companies including Abuja, Yaba, Yola, Ikeja, Port Harcourt, Enugu, Kaduna, Benin, Ibadan, Eko, Kano distribution companies.
- Water Infrastructure
The provision of water services in Nigeria has remained a social responsibility of the various tiers of government. The National Water Supply and Sanitation Policy (NWSSP) of 2000 provides the institutional arrangements for the operation and funding of potable water supply for both urban and rural areas The Policy came out with a cost sharing financing strategy
- Telecommunications Infrastructure
The provision of telecommunication services in Nigeria was monopolized by Nigeria Telecommunications Limited (NITEL) which has functioning lines in only few urban centres leaving many others and rural areas with no access to the services
Telecommunication services in Nigeria have improved significantly with the liberalization of the Nigerian communications sub-sector and subsequent introduction of GSM phone services nationwide
CONCLUSION & RECOMMENDATION
1. The constitutional provison to local government is not realistic.
2. The problem of poor power supply in Nigeria should not be trace to low megawatts of electricity generated, but the ability to manage what is generated
3. Water delivery systems are poorly funded and managed
This research concludes by noted that the major constraint to sustainable infrastructural development in Nigeria is that Nigerian government shows no reasonable interest in the implementation of the legal framework guiding urban physical infrastructure provision.
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